Studi Keragaman Struktur Morfologi dan Anatomi Petiole (Tangkai Daun) Dari Berbagai Kultivar Pisang Kepok (Musa Paradisiaca L.)

Galuh putri anjasmara, Eti Ernawiati, Gina Dania Pratami, Endah Setyaningrum

Abstract


Kepok bananas are one type of banana that is found and used in Indonesia. These bananas contain high nutritional value so they are suitable for use as food ingredients. This study aims to determine the anatomical structure and morphology of petiole from various banana kepok cultivars. These cultivars are: kepok abu, batu, kapas, kuning, Libanon, and Manado. However, Kepok Libanon cannot be found in the previous collection area. The research was conducted in December 2018 to January 2019. The taking of plant samples using the method of exploration and observation of anatomical structures using fresh preparations across the incision and the results were analyzed descriptively. The observation of the structure of morphology of petiole is the largest petiole diameter, namely kepok kapas while the smallest is kepok batu. Kepok batu is the only one that has a canal leaf shape overlaps while  kepok  abu, kapas, kuning, and manado have the leaf shape of a curved canal inside. The fifth color of the kepok banana cultivar is the same which is green. Kepok abu have blackish brown spots while kepok batu, kapas, kuning, and manado have brown spots. The anatomical structure of the petiole includes the xylem diameter, transport tissue, support tissue, basic tissue, and protector tissue. Kepok kapas has the largest xylem diameter while kepok kuning has the smallest xylem diameter. Five kepok banana cultivars, has xylem and phloem transport tissue were clearly seen by the sclerenchyma sheath. Epidermal, parenchymal, and sclerenchymal tissue were clearly seen in the five cultivars.


Keywords


Cultivar, Kepok banana, Petiole, and Xylem

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dwiyany, F. dan Nurrahmah, A. (2017) Pentingnya Data Pisang Indonesia. Bunga Ramp. Bandung: ITB.

Ennos, A.R. Spatz, Speck, T. (2000) ‘The functional morphology of the petioles of the banana, Musa textilis’, Journal of Experimental Botany, (51), p. 353.

Hapsari L (2014) ‘Wild Musa species collection of Purwodadi Botanic Garden: Inventory and its morpho-taxonomic review’, Journal of Tropical Life Science, 4(1), pp. 70–80.

IPGRI (1996) Descriptors for Banana (Musa spp.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute: INIBAP.

Nugroho, H. Purnomo. dan Sumardi, I. (2006) Struktur dan Perkembangan Tumbuhan. Jakarta: Swadaya.

Nurhasanah, E. (2017) Biodiversitas Plasma Nutfah (Musa spp) Berdasarkan Jumlah Kromosom dan Tipe Genom di Kota Bandar Lampung. Universitas Lampung.

Nuryanti, L. dan N. (2014) Outlook Komoditi Pisang. Pusat Data dan Informasi Pertanian, Sekertariat Jenderal Kementrian Pertanian.

Purseglove, J. W. (1975) Tropical Crops: Monocotyledons. 2nd impression. Banana. 3r. Edited by Stover; R. H and N.W. Simmonds. Halsted Press, New York: Logman: London.

Rahmawati, M. & Hayati, E. (2013) ‘Pengelompokan Berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi Vegetatif pada Plasma Nutfah Pisang Asal Kabupaten Aceh Besar’, Jurnal Agrista, 17(3), pp. 111–118.

Sa’adah, L. (2015) Karakterisasi Morfologi Dan Anatomi Selada Air (Nasturtium spp.) Di Kabupaten Batang Dan Semarang Sebagai Sumber Belajar Dalam Mata Kuliah Morfologi Dan Anatomi Tumbuhan. UIN Walisongo. Semarang.

Sulistyaningsih LD, Megia R, W. E. (2014) ‘Two New Record of Wild Bananas (Musa balbisiana and Musa intinerans) from Sulawesi. Makara’, J Sci., 18(1), pp. 1–6.

Sunandar, A. dan Kahar, P. (2018) ‘Karakter Morfologi dan Anatomi Pisang Diploid dan Triploid’, Scripta Biologica, (5), pp. 31–36.

Wahyuningtyas, W. Retno, A. dan Rahayu, S. E. (2009) ‘Keanekaragaman Genetika Pisang Bergenom B Berdasarkan Penanda Mikrosatelit’, Biosaintifika, 1(1), pp. 1–10.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v20i1.1496

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan

Published by :
Unit Penelitian Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Politeknik Negeri Lampung
Jl. Soekarno-Hatta, No. 10, Rajabasa, Bandar Lampung, Lampung 35144.
Telp. (0721) 703995
Faks. (0721) 703995
Email: jppt@polinela.ac.id


Copyright of Jurnal Pertanian Terapan (p-ISSN 1410-5020 | e-ISSN 2407-1781)


Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.